Can you imagine yourself working on a project all alone in the office and no one to support and assist you? The first reaction would always be, definitely not! This is because we are all bound to be a part of a cooperative group to accomplish our daily tasks at the workplace, and this is what we call ‘teamwork’.
A team is defined as a small number of people with complementary skills, who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable ( MacNeil, 2004). Teamwork typically involves groups of interdependent employees who work cooperatively to achieve group outcomes (Griffin et al. 2001). Team-building and teamwork skills are important in the workplace and highly desirable skills to possess when seeking a new job or promotion. Cohen (1995) mentioned that employees with high level of involvement seem to be satisfied with their jobs, to have positive moods at work, and to be highly committed to their employers, and their careers. Rajiv (1996) mentioned that the popularity of teamwork stems from their role in improving performance by solving work-related problems. Work teams are considered to be an integral tool aiding continuous improvement in work operations. Many studies showed that the understanding of the importance of employee involvement by employer is essential to managers because this is a significant predictor of work behavior among employees, and working in teams (e.g. Manojlovich, Laschinger, & Heather, 2002).
Written By: Elaine Cheung
Featured image: Dr. Tara Perry